We’ve invested in cutting edge equipment, conducted extensive research, and staffed our team with individuals that are proven winners in the sports turf scene. All of this means that the services we offer are executed by knowledgeable people and done with equipment that is industry-best. What you see below are a few of the services that we recommend.


Where Are The Best Putting Greens in Virginia?

Turf services in Virginia are very necessary considering the presence of various fields. Putting greens should be done by a professional. He or she can design and install putting greens that the client will enjoy for many years to come.

Most common used types of turf grass used in Virginia

  • greensBent grass. This type of grass is able to cope with the cold climate found in Virginia especially during the winter. It has one of the finest textured quality grass that ensure that the field is as beautiful as possible. To be able to effectively work with this kind of grass, the user has to continually fertilize it during the early stage s of preparation.
  • Bermuda grass. This kind of grass usually tolerates most of the climates and will definitely work well in Virginia. The user can however combine it with his or her bent grass. The user will require to use sod in order to make the grass grow .it has the lowest maintenance cost and thus preferred by most people.
  • Rye grass. This kind of grass is perennial in nature and does well in cool climates. Its texture is medium type and thus can be used effectively for greens.
  • Augustine grass. This kind of grass is recommended for the hot humid summers found of Virginia, it usually requires moderate care. This kind of grass is indestructible, which makes the grass a good selection for homes and businesses.

Best maintenance practices of turf grass in Virginia

Stop fertilizing the turf grass repeatedly.

Lots of fertilizer encourages rapid growth of the turf grass, making it more vulnerable to disease and insects. Fertilizing only once in the fall is the best practice

Start mowing at the highest setting on the mower.

When the turf grass is a bit taller, it is healthier .this is because it can now shade out weed seed and prevent them from sprouting. It also keeps the soil cooler thus keeping it moist for a longer time and encouraging the proliferation of soil microbes which are necessary in nourishment of the grass. All this encourages the turf grass to spread into bare spots.

Do not use pesticides or insecticides on the turf grass

These chemicals kill important microbes found in the soil that assist in aeration of the soil and that assist keep the soil nourished. If the owner can observe good grass maintenance practices, he or she will not need to use these chemicals as the grass would be healthy.

Lime FertilizerAddition of lime to the soil that grows the turf grass

It’s usually necessary to add lime to the soil to counteract acid rain that results due to industrialization. The addition is done once a year and is necessary to help protect your turf grass from acid rain effects. This is important considering the adverse effects of acid rain on the grass such as change of color and drying up.

Turf services are usually done by a profession for best results. This is one of the most important factor to ensure that thigh quality and durable greens are installed. This is usually critical for the commercial fields such as golf courses which are always in frequent uses and also represent that particular corporation. Another factor considered is the cost efficiency in terms of maintenance and fertilizing.

These best turf grass maintenance services are only done with a person who understands the nature of the grass the user is using, the type of soil in his or her field and the degree of effects of acid rain in the locality.





How does turf restoration affect your budget?

When one speaks of turf restoration, it is more important to have a interactive relationship with the person doing the work, then only to be concerned with the cost. The clients of Commonwealth Sports Turf in and around Midlothian, Virginia since its inception in 2003 include golf , football , polo and rugby , soccer and baseball fields. They also service county parks.

Budgeted Line Item

Sports FieldThe science of turf maintenance requires a strict attention to detail which will require a budgeted line item in the school, country club or county’s operating budget. Very few grounds people or maintenance staff have the where with all to do the day to day planning that a well kept field needs. There is a pressing need for direction as to what to do and when to do it. Yes, grounds people can cut grass effectively, but turf maintenance requires more than knowing how to cut grass.

CWST Budget


Every sports entity has a operating budget. It is essential to trust that the people you have hired to manage the appearance of the field and know what you are using the field for. A golf course needs a different kind of attention, then a polo field does. The turf in each kind of field is subject to different maintenance issues. The presence of moles, for example in a golf course, can ruin the turf. Knowing when the optimal time to fertilize, cut and water the field, also requires hands on knowledge. To save frustration, it is sometimes cheaper to have an outside company do the work required, then to ruin your playing venue, by hit and miss turf maintenance attempts.

Every turf situation is unique. When you select Commonwealth Sports Turf as the service entity for the best outcome for your field, you receive attention, especially tailored to your budget. This is done with one on one consultation, in order for you to get “the biggest bang for your buck.” If you cannot afford the top of the line treatment package, they will work with you to get the best outcome that you can realistically afford .How your field looks to the prospective users of your field will absolutely affect the volume of users that you get. So it is preventative maintenance that often is most cost effective. A field that is not optimally utilized, will not garner the necessary greens fees, that keep in this case, a golf course operational. Different fields charge fees to the users for access. In order to get these fees, a field must be one that is attractive for its potential patrons to utilize.

In conclusion if you need, turf maintenance in the Midlothian, Virginia area , the research shows that the best option is to choose an organization that is skilled in this. Commonwealth Sports Turf has been in business since 2003, and appears to be the best option for the turf maintenance of your athletic fields.

Contact us for an estimate for your turf needs: http://cwsportsturf.com/request-demo/


What to Do When Turfgrass Floods?

Sudden changes in climate, environmental changes and even other people’s irrigation techniques, can combine in a perfect way and flood the field. This catastrophe is usually unpreventable and the only recourse is to start over and renovate the entire field. Turfgrass is used for various fields, but is primarily seen in athletic fields, such as soccer and football fields. The following should help any owner or field manager remediate a flooded field.

First things first: Access the Damage

Flooded Golf CourseThere isn’t much anyone can do while the field is still actively flooded. The first thing the field manager must do is access the damages, but after waiting for the water levels to lower and dry out. It can take as little as only four days under water for turf loss to become apparent and a problem. When a field becomes flooded for an extended period of time, it will lose oxygen as well as its color. However, it is important to wait as long as possible before attempting work. It can take up to two weeks for the field to dry out and become workable and working prematurely can lead to more damage. The method of care differs if the turf was treated with silt deposits or if it wasn’t treated.

Repairing the Damage

Repairing the damages on a turfgrass field that has not been treated for silt deposits is a bit simpler then the latter. Use a nitrogen aerator to oxygenate the soil in areas of the field that are in need. Following this, replace the topsoil with about five inches that the water has pushed away. Mixing soil with sand can improve the existing portions of the field that may need a bit of extra care.Soccer Field Maintenance

Most likely, the field that flooded is going to have silt deposits that make their way from local streams, rivers and the city. The first step here is to remove all the junk and scrap that has made its way to the field. During a particular bad storm, it isn’t uncommon to find wood, glass, metal and other types of debris. This is not only a safety issue, but makes doing any work impossible. Likewise, organic debris can be just has hazardous for the lawn. It is important to remove dead leaves, sticks and even dead vermin as they could cause further damage by smothering the grass.

If there is only a small amount of silt (less than an inch), then the silt must be removed from the turfgrass’ surface. There isn’t an easy way around this job. Someone can’t simply spray the silt debris away. It will take some physical labor to remove all the deposits. A steel garden rake can destroy the silt deposit but can uproot the turfgrass below and potentially double the work. Of course, the field will need to be oxygenated by using an aerator (nitrogen or otherwise).

Finally, if there are many inches of silt deposits on top of the lawn, it may be impossible to fix the damages. The field manager can try to remove as much of the silt deposit as possible to prevent any further damage to the turf. Unfortunately, if over %25 of the field is dead and not growing; then the only option here is to start over completely with new turfgrass.


To read more about turfgrass, visit our website blog: http://cwsportsturf.com/blog/

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Spike Aerator Vs. Plug Aerator

There’s nothing more important to certain athletic activities than having a beautiful, well maintained, plush playing surface. Whether it’s golf, soccer, football, baseball, on any other exterior based sport you need that grass to be green and spectacular. What would golf look like if you’re playing on a field that’s got dead spots all over and divots lining the course? Not only would it be horrible to play on, but it would also be a terrible presentation on television, it’s certainly not something you would see at Augusta National, so why would you stand for it while playing at your favorite local or semi-local course? One of the most important parts to making sure your game isn’t destroyed by deplorable playing surfaces is to attend higher end golf courses, but for those that may be more economical, they have to keep up with the maintenance and this means picking the proper aerator for the job.

The Plug Aerator

Plug AeratorYou have a couple options when it comes to aerators, you can either go with the plug or spike aerator, each offering their own particular advantages. With a plug aerator you create a large opening which allows more effectiveness in the other processes you’ll be following during the aeration of your playing surface. Another benefit of the larger holes is that it allows for rainwater to enter soil, keeping it from running off, it also allows for grass seed and clippings to get deeper in the ground which helps develop a much more plush surface. While any aerating is a good idea, a plug aerator has some rather strong positives over the spike option. The negative of plug aerating is that it’s much more labor intensive and the results tend to be less even than spike aerating.

The Spike Aerator

Spike AeratorSpike aerating is a good method, although it doesn’t give you the deep holes of a plug aerating option, it does allow for much more even coverage. Also, spike aerating means that the grass seed being placed won’t wash away if it’s set on an incline surface. Spike aerators do promote air and water flow through the surface soil, but that does mean that the newly compacted plugs will rise to the surface again and need attention much sooner. The downside of this option is that it does need to be done more often, and the fact that it doesn’t go as deep or large in holes as plug aerating it does nothing for the soil compaction, so if you’re working on an area that’s going to see heavy traffic you’ll want to go with the plug method. The options are there, each has it’s positives and negatives, it’s just a matter of what you think will work the best for your particular surface.

Combining the two

Many lawn care professionals are actually leaning toward the suggestion that a combination of the two methods may be best, using a spike aerator between each plug aerating session. Some surfaces call for spike aerators while others are more well suited for plug aerators, it just depends on what you’ll be doing with your turf. If you’re doing a football teams practice field it’s probably best to do plug aerating, because it’ll be getting a ton of traffic on a daily basis, but the field you actually play the game on you could probably get away with a spike aerator as it’s usually only used once a week. If you have questions and you’re looking for assistance in what you should do for your job, reach out to Keith Kitchen and the people at Commonwealth Sports Turf Services, they’ll treat you right.

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Ridding Your Golf Course of Moles

Ridding Your Golf Course of Moles

Why The Moles Need to Go

Midlothian, Virginia turf maintenance is of the utmost importance to Commonwealth Sports Turf. And, some of the most common obstacles to proper maintenance are mole tunnels and mounds. Moles are often destructive in sports turf because they burrow their homes underneath the ground and feed mostly on earthworms, grubs and insects. A mole that decides to make its home in a golf course may leave ridged soil above his tunnels on the surface and mounds of soil up to two feet tall. These ridges and mounds will undoubtedly leave a golf course looking unprofessional.

But, a caretaker must determine if a mole is truly detracting from the course. Sometimes moles are actually beneficial to Midlothian, Virginia turf maintenance because they consume grubs, which are harmful to a course, and aerate soil. Also, moles can be very difficult to remove from an attractive habitat, and new moles will often come to replace the removed moles.

Identifying MolesMole Hill

Moles are sometimes confused with gophers, but they require different treatments. So, a caretaker must know the difference between the two. Gophers leave kidney-shaped mounds, while mole mounds are shaped like a volcano and smaller than those of gophers.

If moles are only causing a disturbance in a golf course here and there, it is possible to combat the disturbances rather than the moles themselves, as specified on the Living with Wildlife website. A caretaker can level out the ridges with his foot and spread out the mound hills with a rake, shovel or mower. He can also fill in any depressions with dirt and then reseed the area.

Getting Rid of Them

If one must get rid of the moles, it is best to do so in late winter or early spring before they reproduce. One tactic for eliminating moles is making the course less appealing to them. One can cut off the moles’ food supply by using insecticide and drying the soil. Also, consider packing the soil to destroy the moles’ burrows. Be aware that this does, at times, result in their death.

Toxicants and fumigants are two other strategies to optimize Midlothian, Virginia turf maintenance. Aluminum phosphide, gas cartridges and grain baits containing strychnine are all used for mole extermination.

But, trapping is proven as the most effective method to get rid of moles, as detailed on the extension website. Two of the most common types of traps are the Victor mole trap and Nash mole trap. Set the trap over a depressed area of the ridged soil. When the mole is under that spot, he will push the soil up and trigger the likely lethal trap.


When setting a trap, select a spot in the surface tunnels where there has been recent and straight mole burrowing. Dig into the burrow, locate the tunnel, replace the dirt and put the trigger of the trap just on top of the soil.Multiple Mole Hills

It’s also possible to catch the mole alive. Go out to the golf course early in the morning and find recent burrowing. Put a shovel into the ground, behind the mole, and bring the mole to the surface. Or, bury a container in the mole’s tunnel. Then block one side of the tunnel and shut out any light at the top with a board; the mole should fall into the container.

Whatever way possible, ensure that the golf course turf is flawless. Either eliminate the moles or eliminate any sign of them.

Aeration vs Verticutting

Aeration vs. Verticutting

Aeration Vs. Verticutting

Aeration and Verticutting are two critically important procedures in the turf industry. Stakeholders for whom the procedures are most important might include owners and managers of any athletic or sporting venue such as golf courses, high school athletics fields, private football fields, polo fields, rugby fields, soccer pitches, baseball outfields etc. Other large scale turf operations could be public parks, housing communities and residential planners.

Large scale operations would obviously have the largest monetary interest in turf care and management procedures like Aeration and Vericutting, but they are not exclusive and can impact anyone with grass, really. So it is important to know the purpose and differences between the two. Let’s take a minute to give you a run-down on the two procedures so you’ll have no question about which procedure is right for you. We’ll start with Aeration.

AerationAeration vs Verticutting

Aeration, often called core aeration is the process by which a machine is either dragged or pushed above the turf, and as it turns another rotating mechanism actually probes the soil and pulls out hundreds of cores in an even and consistent manor over the entire area. The purpose for this is to essentially give the grass roots room to breathe. After a few years the soil around roots becomes compacted and causes multiple hardships for the plants by making it difficult to absorb moisture, transpire, absorb essential nutrients, establish roots and providing a shelter for pest insects and fungus. By aerating you’ll allow the grass roots which naturally need unlimited space since they are rhizomes to grow freely, and consequently you’ll have turf that is more established and eventually need less management.


On the other side of aeration is verticutting. This process is similar to aeration in that a verticutter digs into established turf, but the main difference is that this process is required to remove an organic build up called thatch. Thatch is just old dead grass that builds up and compacts on the soil surface. Thatch causes a lot of the same problems associated with those mentioned above, but aerating won’t treat a thatch issue as well as vericutting. Another function of verticutting is preparation for over-seeding. Over-seeding may sound bad, but the “over” part is simply referring to broadcasting seed over the soil surface (after a good verticutting of course). When an area receives verticutting a verticutter is essentially dragged along the surface and creates hundreds of little rows. You could compare it to the way a farmer will dig rows for some crops, but on a much smaller level. Verticutters break up the thatch problem, but it also gives a slight aeration and the valleys of the rows allow water to travel and set into soil instead of evaporating on top of old organic matter. Typically someone will need a verticutter when their turf is in need of a reseed, or have a large thatch problem.

We hope this helps a bit! It’s critical to turf owners of any sort to not only know the difference between these processes, but to know when and why to use them. A quick way to remember is aerating is to help establish smaller plants, verticutting is to maintain and reseed established turfs. See you soon!

Verticutting Golf Course Maintenance

Verticutting: What Is It And Why Do You Need It?

What Is Vericutting?

An extremely viable and valuable disregarded method for boosting sport turf health is the verticutter. A verticutter has many vertical blades, which are normally arranged .025 and 1.5 inches from each other on a dredging disc to dredge up thatch of the turf. The procedure opens the canopy in order to allow turf to breathe well. The process does not stop at removing any excess thatch but also removes the organic material at or below the plant’s crown area. The machine can be confused with the common aerator, but provide different benefits entirely. Verticutters dig deeper into the turf as they are severing stems which maneuver is creating very visible results. After a verticutter, it is important to pass over the area with a mower to remove all residual debris possibly damaging the turf surface.

Caring for sports turf can be a very difficult job, not only due to wear-and-tear from constant use by athletes and racing horses, but because those employees responsible for the turf may not have sufficient expertise or knowledge necessary to keep turf healthy and attractive. Sports turf is all too often managed by small towns, school districts or local park services that have never had extensive training in maintenance of turf used for athletics and active sports. It is important to understand the differences between the many procedures and programs for preparing and maintaining sports turf.

How It Works

Vertical cutting devices, called “verticutters” are well known. An example of a verticutting turf device is set forth in U.S. Pat. No. 6,393,814 to Gorey. Verticutting devices have a number of blades connected to a driveshaft. As the driveshaft turns, blades make vertical cuts in the ground, cutting runners in the turf and removing dead thatch and other dead foliage from the turf. When attached to mowers, a verticutter only penetrates the ground at small depths because it is under powered to cut deeper depths.

Depending on the turf condition, aeration is preferred over verticutting and vice versa. Also, there are situations when the need exists to use verticutting to process cores removed by the aerator. There is no device that links an aerator and a verticutter into a single useful beneficial unit. One must switch back and forth between an aerator and verticutting machine. As a result the industry is in need for a device which can perform both aeration and verticutting. Still one additional object of this necessary and essential time and money saving invention is to provide a verticutting turf service device that can be adapted by workers for use in conjunction with existing aerator devices.

What Is Needed For EfficiencyVertiCutting

Both the aerator 12 and the verticutter 14 could be operated at the same time either by drive shaft 16 or by individual separate drive shafts. The verticutter 14 cutting depth is thereby able to be raised via adjusting the height wheels 33 to a position slightly off the ground as the aerator 12 pulls plugs or cores directly from the ground. These cores then would engage the blades 34 of the verticutter 14. The device would now perform the functions of aeration and core processing.


By the use of a verticutting device connected to a conventional aerator, this invention could save money and labor with both the aeration and use of verticutting of soil by a single device.

Who Needs Turf Services

Who Needs Turf Surfaces?

When asking yourself who needs turf surfaces, the basic answer is that you need them, depending on your profession! If you are a groundskeeper, superintendent at a golf course and club, or run a high school or college athletics field, than you could use turf service. This includes analysis, soil study, fertilization, and cutting services such as top dressing and aerating.

Faster Rolls & Better Breathing

We all love the view and performance of Bermuda turf, however with normal yard cutting and discharging of the grass upon the lawn, we yield to the inevitable and let nature take its course of growth and decay until it is time to wield our push mowers and garden tractors for another cut of growth in a few days. The science of verticutting does not yield to the inevitable. Layers of grass clippings slowly decaying form a type of matt which actually stifles more grass growth. Properly removing that matt and thinning active blades of grass, allow for more grass rooting to occur and allows the grass to breathe better and balls to roll more evenly. Commonwealth Sports Turf wants both the turf to be spectacular and ball performance to be outstanding. Before Peyton Manning and Drew Brees stroll out onto the field, they became the beneficiaries of companies like Commonwealth Sports Turf and so do Virginians. The first place to envision your diamond or gridiron is also the best.

Channeling The GrassWho Needs Turf Services Golf

The American playing field, public parks and specialized outdoor venues have come a long way since dusting off an empty lot beside the gas station or supermarket in town. Thanks to innovations such as top dressing, the soil is blessed with more of the nutrients it needs along with increased oxygen. The science of this technology lies in the insertion of sand or compost (sometimes even a blending of the two) into the soil. These elements create a channel making it easier for air, water and nutrients to do their job. Besides properly feeding the soil, this insertion of sand or compost creates an additional benefit for the player by keeping the soil from becoming hard-packed and perhaps just a bit softer to land on. That’s what Commonwealth Sports Turf does. In Virginia, they transform ordinary land into extraordinary experiences. Photos and contact information can be gathered at http://www.cwsportsturf.com.

A Misconception Worth Poking Holes Into

It is a commonly held belief that the two times of the year that lawn aeration should take place is during the spring and fall. While it is true that during those times the soil and weather conditions are generally optimal for aeration, reserving such practices for just twice a year might just be a mistake. Sometimes the soil gets so hard-packed through constant use or climate conditions that a process known as deep tine aeration is greatly needed. Using a machine that moves at under two miles per hour, solid core tines that are several inches to nearly a foot in length and spaced just a few inches apart are inserted into the ground with great force. This plan for turf maintenance creates a grid of holes in the ground that feed the ground what it needs to remain healthy. But it should be utilized as necessary which is decided by soil compaction and how much use the ground is enduring throughout the season. Whether it’s poking holes into myths or the ground in Virginia, landowners want Commonwealth Sports Turf creating a beautiful landscape out of their ordinary ground.

Before Hitting The Soil, It’s Time To Hit The Books

Books Turf

For all the expense that is placed into America’s turfs today, it is not wise to just roll up the equipment and begin raking, aerating, mowing, clipping or performing any other activity until a study is made of the soil. Will soil change that much from season to season? Probably not. But even slight shifts in soil composition that occur over time will show up later in coming months and years when the turf is harder to maintain or becomes less effective over time. If the university, high school, public sports field or park has never installed turf before, then a proper soil study is mandatory. Acquiring a proper soil sample/study will provide the new turf owner with what he needs to process with a qualified turf installer. Such an installer like Commonwealth Sports Turf can build the right profile for the organization needing new turf and they are based regionally right here in Virginia. Commonwealth Sports Turf has 31 years of combined experience and is a leader in their field.

A Properly Balanced Turf

Your car needs the right balance of fluids such as oil, gas, coolant, etc. The body needs water, proper minerals and vitamins to operate effectively and remain healthy. If the grass is always greener on the other side of the fence then it is likely that there is an owner on that side of the fence that takes his lawn so seriously that he can tell any visitor about the chemicals and the pH balance of his yard. Commonwealth Sports Turf is just as dedicated when it comes to being green, lean and mean. Before the first patch of turf is even installed, the new owner will know for sure just what his soil is truly made of. Yes, it’s dirt, but match the wrong type of turf and maintenance methods with that dirt and that owner might just as well lay down twenty dollar bills and water them and pray they become functional grass. When the team from Commonwealth Sports Turf comes to install someone’s ‘Field of Dreams,’ they will display all the wonderful models of turf available. Before the next Russell Wilson or Tiger Woods takes the field however, it all starts with carefully taking the right type of samples to study. These and other turf processes are seen at Commonwealth sports Turf Surfaces, Contact Us for more information!

Enahnce The Beauty Of Your Sports Turf

Enhance The Beauty Of Your Sports Turf

Commonwealth Sports Turf has been improving and maintaining sports turf since 2003 and has 31 years combined sports turf experience. Keith Kitchen is president, with success in both residential and commercial landscape, for sports turf companies in and around Richmond, Virginia.

Keith began Luxury Lawns, a residential turf company, which was then contracted by high profile sports turf complexes in and around the Richmond area. His vision is to approach playing sports turf surfaces with unique and innovative services by facilitating basic turf science to produce unique and pristine sports turf.

Each sports turf has its own scientific chemistry and will be evaluated using science to come up with the best strategy possible to enhance and maintain your turf.

What Type of Aeration Services Are Needed?

Your soil is checked for proper nutrients and evaluated for what type of aerator services are needed to allow nutrients into the root of the soil.

If you have played on a golf course that has high traffic areas or you start to see spots that are brown while the area around it is still green, your turf is beginning to compact.This is only the obvious signs of compaction. Your sports turf could already be in the beginning stages of compacting before visibility occurs.Compaction takes time and aeration is a process that will allow oxygen into the roots of your turf making it stronger, thicker and greener.

The type of aerator services depends on your golf course, football field or park. Each turf has individual needs for playing or wearing ability which can contribute to the amount of compaction. For removing thatch or deep tinning greens, the most natural aeration that leaves you’re playing field in tact is core aeration also referred to as coring, spiking, slicing or soil cultivating.

Core Aerator Services Maintenance

Core aeration is usually recommended once a year, depending on your needs two or more might be needed. The type of grass is important to when maintenance proceeds.

Cool season grass: Kentucky Bluegrass and perennial rye grass. Core aeration time is during spring and fall.

Warm season grass: Bermuda and zoysia grass. Core aeration time is the middle of spring to summer. Do not aerate when grass is dormant

RecommendationEnahnce The Beauty of Your Sports Turf

Commonwealth Sports Turf Services recommends one extra service following your core aeration. Using a turf sweeper to collect cores will be distributed along areas to repair. Cores can grow almost immediately and is a better option making your sports turf green and healthy.

Deep Tine Aeration

In some cases, where the ground is getting hard from compaction, for the health of your sports turf it may be recommended to have deep tine aeration services. If that is the case the same process of using the turf sweeper may also be needed. The same rules apply to maintenance of aerating times for the type of grass you have on your sports turf.

If you live in Virginia and need services for your sports turf Commonwealth Sports Turf Services we will be glad to maintain your sports turf and help you save money in the long run.

If you would like to know more about Commonwealth Sports Turf Services we invite you to see our demonstration. Have a happy healthy sports turf that is durable, beautiful and green.