Core Aeration

Improve Your Turf with Core Aeration

From golf courses to football fields and county parks, each turf requires a slightly different touch. Maintenance services can vary from deep-tinning greens to removing thatch from fields; however, there is one task that is crucial for keeping every form of turf in peak performance condition. Core aeration, also known as soil cultivation, coring, spiking, or slicing, is this key maintenance task.

Turf_aerationAeration is a natural process where air is exchanged between the soil and surrounding atmosphere. Core aeration, the mechanical optimization of this process, allows sports turf managers to step back and relax while an aerator machine maximizes the natural gas exchange. Additionally, aerator services can reduce the amount of soil compaction, which can harm a turf’s soil profile and harden the playing field. While compact soil is a crucial element of building construction, the reduction of air pockets in a playing field can lead to serious injuries in athletes.


Ensuring athlete safety starts from the ground up, and the aerator services of Commonwealth Sports Turf Services are indispensable in this aspect of turf maintenance. Since the type of aeration often determines the effectiveness of turf treatment, Commonwealth Sports Turf Services utilizes the John Deere Aercore, which pulls three to four inch cores on two by two spacing. This aeration type generates core holes that are close and deep, allowing oxygen, water, and nutrients additional access to the root zone. Benefits of aerator services expand to include reduced water runoff, improved fertilized uptake and use, and improved resiliency and cushioning.

Perennial_RyegrassKeep in mind that aerator services should be scheduled depending on the extent of turf usage and the grass type. The majority of turfs greatly benefit from annual aeration; however, some heavily utilized sporting fields may require two or more aerations per year. To plan an aerator service, pay attention to the grass type. For cool-season grasses such as perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass, spring and fall are the best times to aerate. For warm-season grasses, such as Bermuda grass and zoysia grass, the time recommendation is mid-spring to early summer. To prevent weed competition, do not aerate when warm season grasses are dormant.

Following core aeration, Commonwealth Sports Turf Services recommends an additional service where a turf sweeper collects cores and redistributes them to areas in need of repair. While topsoil and seed are often the primary products used for distressed areas, cores, which contain viable nutrients and roots, are a better option as they begin growing immediately with proper care.

Maintaining a sports turf does not have to be a difficult or lengthy process. Commonwealth Sports Turf Services invests in cutting edge equipment and highly trained individuals to provide all businesses with the best options in aerator services. We would love to show you how these products work, and how we can work with your turf. If you are interested in a demo, click the link at the bottom of the page.

Image Credit:

Rock Dennis tackles Taylor Wardlow by John McStravick
Ear of Rye by Arthur Chapmen within Wikipedia Commons

Keith Kitchen